The Electric Train power consumption

Due to their eco-friendliness and efficiency to electric train power consumption, electric trains have become a preferred mode of transportation. Electric locomotives have several advantages over diesel locomotives, including fewer pollutants, less noise, and a lower dependency on fossil fuels. However, many people wonder how much electricity an electric train consumes.

In this article, we will explore the answer to this question and more about the efficiency and eco-friendliness of electric locomotives.

How much electricity is consumed by an electric train?

Electric trains have been gaining popularity as they are more efficient and eco-friendly than diesel locomotives. However, many people are still unsure about the amount of electricity consumed by these trains. In this article, we will explore the consumption of electricity by electric locomotives in detail.

Uses of Electricity by Electric Train Consumption Calculator:

Energy usage calculator

Watts :
Uses Time (H/Day) :
Cost per unit :

kWh Per Day:

Cost Per Hour:

Cost Per Day:

Cost Per Month:

Cost Per Year:

The electricity consumption calculator for an electric train helps to determine the energy usage of the train. This calculator takes into account various factors like the type of locomotive, track conditions, load, and speed of the train, to provide an estimate of the electricity consumed.

Electric Train Power Consumption Formula:

The formula to calculate the power consumption of an electric train is:

Power consumed = Voltage x Current

where Voltage is the potential difference between the two ends of the circuit and Current is the flow of electrical charge.

Consumption of electricity by electric locomotives

The consumption of electricity by an electric locomotive varies as per the load and tracks. For instance, a WAP-4 locomotive with 6 DC traction motors and 3 auxiliary motors consumes around 840–1080 KW in an hour and 6500 KW-8500 KW in 8 hours.

However, 3 phase locomotives like WAG-9, WAG-9H, WAP-7 have regenerative braking systems which save electricity consumption up to 20%. These locomotives consume electricity of around 720 KW -840 KW per hour and 5760 KW -6720 KW in 8 hours.

It is important to note that the actual electricity consumption may vary based on several factors such as terrain, load, speed, and other operational factors. The figures mentioned above are only estimates.

Electricity Uses Details, Terms, and Definitions for Electric Train:

  1. Average Wattage: Wattage refers to the amount of power consumed by the electric train in watts. It is the product of voltage and current.
  1. Average Cost per Unit: The average cost per unit is the cost of one unit of electricity consumed by the electric train. It varies depending on the region and the energy provider.
  1. Average Units per Day: Average units per day is the total number of units of electricity consumed by the electric train in a day.
  1. Average Hours of Usage: The average hours of usage are the total number of hours for which the electric train is operated daily.

Electric locomotives vs Diesel locomotives

Diesel locomotives are powered by diesel fuel and have a mileage of 4–6 liters per kilometer, which varies as per the load and geographical conditions like elevation. On the other hand, electric locomotives are powered by electricity and are more efficient than their diesel counterparts.

Advantages of Electric Locomotives:

Electric locomotives offer several advantages over diesel locomotives. Let’s take a look at some of them.

  1. Eco-Friendliness: Electric trains produce less pollution compared to diesel locomotives, which release harmful emissions into the atmosphere. Electric trains run on electricity, which can be produced from renewable sources such as solar, wind, or hydropower, making them a more sustainable option.
  2. Reduced Noise Pollution: Diesel locomotives are known to be noisy, which can cause disturbance to nearby residents. Electric locomotives are quieter and produce less noise, making them a more pleasant and peaceful mode of transportation.
  3. Greater Efficiency: Electric trains have higher acceleration rates than diesel locomotives, making them more efficient in terms of energy consumption. Electric trains also have regenerative braking systems that can recover and store energy that would otherwise be lost as heat in the braking process.
  4. Reduced Dependence on Fossil Fuels: Electric locomotives reduce the dependence on fossil fuels, which are finite resources. As electricity can be produced from renewable sources, electric locomotives offer a more sustainable and environmentally friendly transportation option.

Electric Train Power Consumption with Features:

The electric train power consumption varies with the type of locomotive, track conditions, load, and speed of the train. The consumption of electricity is generally higher when the train is traveling at high speeds or when it is heavily loaded.

Features like regenerative braking, which are present in some locomotives, can help to save energy by converting the kinetic energy of the train into electrical energy, which can be used by the train or fed back into the grid.

Energy-saving Tips and Tricks for Electric Trains:

There are several ways in which electric trains can save energy and reduce their overall power consumption. Some of these include:

  • Regular maintenance of trains and tracks to ensure maximum efficiency
  • Use of regenerative braking systems to recover energy when the train brakes
  • Optimization of train speed and acceleration to reduce energy wastage
  • Use of lightweight materials in train construction to reduce overall weight and energy consumption
  • Adoption of renewable energy sources such as solar or wind power for train operations

By implementing these measures, electric train operators can reduce their energy consumption and costs and contribute towards a more sustainable and eco-friendly mode of transportation.


Electric trains are an important part of the modern transportation system, and their electricity consumption is a crucial factor in determining their efficiency and environmental impact. The consumption of electricity by electric trains varies as per the load and tracks, but it is still considerably less than that of diesel trains. Additionally, the installation of regenerative braking systems and other energy-saving measures can further reduce electricity consumption and make electric trains even more eco-friendly.

By understanding the details and terms associated with electricity consumption in electric trains, we can work towards making them even more efficient and sustainable for the future.


Are electric trains more expensive than diesel trains?

Yes, electric trains have higher initial costs than diesel trains, but their running costs are significantly lower.

Do electric trains consume more electricity than diesel trains?

Electric trains consume varying amounts of electricity depending on several factors, such as terrain, load, and speed. However, in general, electric trains are more energy-efficient and consume less electricity than diesel trains.

Are electric trains more expensive than diesel trains?

Electric trains are typically more expensive to purchase than diesel trains. However, electric trains are more energy-efficient and require less maintenance, which can result in long-term cost savings.

How much electricity is consumed by an electric train?

The electricity consumption of an electric train varies depending on various factors like the type of train, distance traveled, and the number of passengers. The average power consumption ranges from 720 KW to 850 KW per hour.

Can renewable energy sources be used to power electric trains?

Yes, renewable energy sources like solar and wind power can be used to charge electric trains. This helps to reduce the carbon footprint of the trains and make them more eco-friendly.

Are electric trains more eco-friendly than diesel trains?

Yes, electric trains are more eco-friendly than diesel trains as they produce fewer emissions and are more energy-efficient.

Leave a Comment